François Gérard, The battle of Austerlitz on December 2nd, 1815. Oil on canvas preserved at the Musée de Trianon.

Napoleonic Wars casualties

Enthusiastic or detractor, there are many who engage in a war of numbers to acclaim or denounce Bonaparte's military operations and their cost in…

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Joseph Bonaparte in America

First of the Bonaparte siblings, Joseph (1768 - 1844) was also the closest to Napoleon. The eldest of the family had a taste for the arts more than…

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Napoleon at the Table: a Gastronomic Paradox

While Napoleon Bonaparte was not a great lover of gastronomy, he nonetheless was perfectly aware of the importance of the table in the daily practice…

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Napoleon Bonaparte’s Bicorne Hat

A recognizable figure among a thousand, Bonaparte is one of the few people who can be identified by the mere shadow of his hat. Napoleon's cocked hat…

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The Empire Style

Inseparable from Napoleon I, the Empire style not only unites similar and concomitant stylistic characteristics in the fine arts, furniture and…

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Napoleon and Josephine : an Ordinary Couple

The mythical couple formed by Napoleon and Joséphine still arouses curiosity today for these two characters seem absolutely opposite. This couple,…

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The Death of Napoleon: such a big mystery?

When Napoleon died at St. Helena, the question of the causes of his death soon became a subject of debate. Cancer? Poison? These only evocations…

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Golden coin minted under the First Empire and presenting the Laureate head of Napoleon I.

Creation of the Bank of France by Napoleon Bonaparte

In this very young XIXth century, the moribund economy post Revolution urged the First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte to create the Bank of France January…

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l'Authentique Eau de Cologne de Napoléon Ier à Sainte-Hélène

The Renewal of Eau de Cologne

Previous century was not gentle with the Cologne. Mocked by a perfumery that swore by heady and featureless fragrances, the discreet Cologne was…

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New Year’s Eve at Saint Helena

First half of the XIXth century still ignores the festivities of Christmas without being spared - at least in the wealthiest social classes - by…

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Napoleon I on the imperial throne in coronation costume

Napoleon Bonaparte’s emblems : between simplicity and erudition

Napoleon I forged his own emblems far from those too connoted of the Ancien Régime. The young Emperor intends to offer new perspectives to France…

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La maison de Longwood, résidence à Sainte-Hélène de l'Empereur Napoléon Ier

Longwood House

When Napoleon Bonaparte arrived on October 17th, 1815 at his place of exile while his residence at Saint Helena was not yet ready. He moved to…

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Athenian of Napoleon Bonaparte

Athenian of Napoleon Bonaparte

While France leaves Ancien Regime to turn in a 19th century full of promises, habits regarding hygiene change slowly. Water takes a new place at the…

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The Arrival of Napoleon at St. Helena

Following the Hundred Days (from March to July 1815) - the short period in which Napoleon regained power after his second abdication - the decisive…

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