The Empire Style

Inseparable from Napoleon I, the Empire style not only unites similar and concomitant stylistic characteristics in the fine arts, furniture and…

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Napoleon and Josephine : an Ordinary Couple

The mythical couple formed by Napoleon and Joséphine still arouses curiosity today for these two characters seem absolutely opposite. This couple,…

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The Death of Napoleon: such a big mystery?

When Napoleon died at St. Helena, the question of the causes of his death soon became a subject of debate. Cancer? Poison? These only evocations…

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Golden coin minted under the First Empire and presenting the Laureate head of Napoleon I.

Creation of the Bank of France by Napoleon Bonaparte

In this very young XIXth century, the moribund economy post Revolution urged the First Consul Napoleon Bonaparte to create the Bank of France January…

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l'Authentique Eau de Cologne de Napoléon Ier à Sainte-Hélène

The Renewal of Eau de Cologne

Previous century was not gentle with the Cologne. Mocked by a perfumery that swore by heady and featureless fragrances, the discreet Cologne was…

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Assiette en porcelaine de Sèvres du service dit des

New Year’s Eve at Saint Helena

First half of the XIXth century still ignores the festivities of Christmas without being spared - at least in the wealthiest social classes - by…

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Napoleon I on the imperial throne in coronation costume

Napoleon Bonaparte’s emblems : between simplicity and erudition

Napoleon I forged his own emblems far from those too connoted of the Ancien Régime. The young Emperor intends to offer new perspectives to France…

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La maison de Longwood, résidence à Sainte-Hélène de l'Empereur Napoléon Ier

Longwood House

When Napoleon Bonaparte arrived on October 17th, 1815 at his place of exile while his residence at Saint Helena was not yet ready. He moved to…

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Athenian of Napoleon Bonaparte

Athenian of Napoleon Bonaparte

While France leaves Ancien Regime to turn in a 19th century full of promises, habits regarding hygiene change slowly. Water takes a new place at the…

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The Arrival of Napoleon at St. Helena

Following the Hundred Days (from March to July 1815) - the short period in which Napoleon regained power after his second abdication - the decisive…

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The Life of the Mamluk Ali (1788 – 1856)

A key figure in the history of Napoleon on Saint Helena, we owe him the creation of the Eau de Cologne of the Exiled Emperor. Faithful servant,…

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Saint-Helena island

Scents of Saint-Helena island

Modest island in the middle of Atlantic Ocean, 2000 kilometers from Africa and 3000 kilometers from Brazil, the British Saint Helena does not offer…

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Napoleon’s bathroom at Palazzo Pitti, Firenze. Upon his request the bathtub was placed in the center of the bathroom adorned in neoclassical style typical of that time

Cologne: Between Pharmacy and Perfumery

Elaborated from the medieval recipe of a Florentine convent, Cologne is first presented by its creator as a remedy rather than a cosmetic fragrance.…

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The Santa Maria Novella perfumery in Florence, antique Medici pharmacy.

A History of Cologne

From Italian monastery to society Parisian boutiques, Cologne had a European fortune: its creator’s audacity plus vicissitudes of royal wars drew the…

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